This report, which summarizes the evaluations of 13 Out-of-School Time (OST) programs, represents AYPF’s continued commitment to establish “what works” and identify “best practices” in programs that serve young people. The term OST represents a shift from “after-school,” which often referred to programs that were narrowly focused on only providing academic assistance and a safe place for children in the non-school hours. Research has shown that participation in creative and recreational activities can be associated with higher self-concept, self-esteem, and resiliency in youth. Due to decreased funding in the arts, music, and recreation, schools may no longer provide these activities. However, OST programs offer opportunities to compensate for this loss.